This is the purest form of coffee. It's a concentrated shot of coffee made by forcing hot water through finely-ground coffee beans. It's strong and bold in flavor.
Cappuccino is made by combining equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam. It has a balanced flavor with a creamy texture and a bit of foam on top.
A latte is made with espresso and a larger amount of steamed milk. It's a milder and creamier coffee drink, with a small amount of milk foam on top.
A mocha combines espresso, steamed milk, and chocolate. It's a sweet and indulgent coffee drink with a rich, chocolatey flavor.
An Americano is made by diluting espresso with hot water. It has a flavor closer to regular drip coffee but with the strength of espresso.
A macchiato is a shot of espresso "stained" or "marked" with a small amount of milk or milk foam. It's a strong and concentrated coffee with a hint of creaminess.
Cold brew is made by steeping coarsely ground coffee beans in cold water for an extended period (usually 12-24 hours). It results in a smooth, less acidic, and highly caffeinated coffee that's typically served over ice.
An affogato is a simple yet delightful dessert. It consists of a scoop of vanilla ice cream or gelato "drowned" in a shot of hot espresso. The contrast between the hot coffee and cold ice cream is a sensory delight.